clock menu more-arrow no yes

Filed under:

UFC Fight Night 108 live results stream, 'Swanson vs Lobov' play-by-play updates

New, comments
Joe Camporeale-USA TODAY Sports

Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) returns to the hurt business this Saturday night (April 22, 2017) for UFC Fight Night 108: "Swanson vs. Lobov," which takes place inside Bridgestone Arena in Nashville, Tennessee, live on FOX Sports 1.

The promotion's latest mixed martial arts (MMA) card will feature a featherweight showdown pitting division stalwart Cub Swanson against The Ultimate Fighter (TUF) 22 slugger Artem Lobov. Elsewhere on the card, longtime lightweight tornado Diego Sanchez welcomes Al Iaquinta back to the Octagon.

MMAmania.com will deliver LIVE round-by-round, blow-by-blow coverage of the entire UFC Fight Night 108 fight card below, starting with the Fight Pass "Prelims" matches online, which are scheduled to begin at 6:30 p.m. ET, and then the remaining undercard balance on FOX Sports 1 at 8 p.m. ET, before the main card start time at 10 p.m. ET, also on FOX Sports 1.

Keep in mind that we will also be the spot for the latest news, recaps, and post-fight analysis following "Swanson vs. Lobov."

Without further delay, see below for the latest UFC Fight Night 108 results. (Note: This will go from the bottom up; therefore, scroll toward the bottom for the latest detailed round-by-round action.)

UFC FIGHT NIGHT 108 QUICK RESULTS:

Cub Swanson vs. Artem Lobov — Swanson def. Lobov by unanimous decision (49-46 x2, 50-45)
Diego Sanchez vs. Al Iaquinta — Iaquinta def. Sanchez by KO (punch) at 1:38 of Round One
Marcos Rogerio de Lima vs. Ovince Saint Preux — St. Preux def. de Lima b submission (Von Flue choke) at 2:11 of Round Two
John Dodson vs. Eddie Wineland -- Dodson def. Wineland by unanimous decision (29-28, 30-27 x2)
Joe Lauzon vs. Stevie Ray — Ray def. Lauzon by majority decision (28-27, 29-27, 28-28)
Jake Ellenberger vs. Mike Perry — Perry def. Ellenberger by KO (elbow) at 1:05 of Round Two
Thales Leites vs. Sam Alvey -- Leites def. Alvey by unanimous decision (30-27 x3)
Brandon Moreno vs. Dustin Ortiz — Moreno def. Ortiz by submission (rear naked choke) at 4:06 of Round Two
Scott Holtzman vs. Michael McBride — Holtzman def. McBride by unanimous decision (30-27 x2, 30-26)
Jessica Penne vs. Danielle Taylor — Taylor def. Penne by unanimous decision (29-28 x3)
Cindy Dandois vs. Alexis Davis — Davis def. Dandois by unanimous decision (29-28 x3)
Bryan Barberena vs. Joe Proctor — Barberena def. Proctor by TKO (knees and punches) at 3:30 of Round One
Hector Sandoval vs. Matt Schnell — Sandoval def. Schnell by KO (punches) at 4:24 of Round One

UFC FIGHT NIGHT 108 PLAY-BY-PLAY:

145 lbs.: Cub Swanson vs. Artem Lobov

Round 1: Low kick from Swanson, left hand by Lobov. They tie up and trade knees. Lobov puts him on the fence with double underhooks a minute in, taking Swanson down. Swanson scrambles up after forty seconds, eating an uppercut on the way. Low kick from Lobov, left hand from Swanson. Body kick by Lobov, body punch by Swanson. Two minutes in. Lobov tries a head kick. Leg kick lands. Lead right by Swanson, two minutes to go.

Both try spinning kicks. Another lead right by Swanson. Leg kicks from Lobov. Counter left lands for him. One minute to go. Lobov digs a left downstairs. Lead right by Swanson. Leg kick. Leg kick and right hand. Glancing head kick from Swanson. 10-9 Lobov.

Round 2: Swanson pressing forward, lands a solid head kick. Overhand right lands, Lobov whacks at his legs again. Right hand by Swanson. Lead left from Lobov a minute in. Swanson with a backstep left hook. Leg kick from Lobov, counter right hook. Both land left hands. Counter left dings Swanson. Knees in the clinch two minutes in. They move around the cage. Lobov tries an outside trip, can’t get it. Two minutes to go.

Lobov gets complacent and Swanson takes him down into half guard. Elbows from Swanson. Mount, now the back for Cub. Both hooks in with a minute to go. Lobov peels a hook off and works his way back to his feet, separating. Lobov lands another counter left before the bell. 10-9 Swanson.

Round 3: Straight lefts from Lobov, leg kick, counter right. Both men attacking the legs and head. Sharp left hook by Swanson, Lobov comes back with a straight right. One minute in. Lead rights from Swanson. They trade their power hands. Three-piece combo by Lobov, lead elbow by Swanson and he puts Lobov on the fence. They separate two minutes in. Heavy punches by Swanson and now Lobov’s bleeding. Wheel kick lands for Swanson and he’s on the attack. Lobov backs him off with a stiff left hand, eats a straight right. Swanson does Lobov’s hammerfist and they pause the fight to look at the cut. It’s on Lobov’s eyelid, but they continue. Two minutes to go.

Left hook from Swanson, right hook from Lobov. Another hook by Swanson. Left hook to head kick by Swanson, then another straight right. Another left hook on the pivot, then right hands. Lobov on the retreat with fifty seconds left. Left hand by Lobov. He tries a naked low kick and eats a straight right. Cartwheel kick lands for Swanson and Lobov takes him down for it. 10-9 Swanson.

Round 4: Left hand from Lobov, pushing forward with punches and he shoots in. One minute in. Lobov finding his mark early in the round. Straight lefts from the Russian. Swanson to the body. Swanson’s volume seems to have dropped considerably. They tie up and trade knees. Knee tap attempt by Lobov, no dice. Swanson fires a spinning back elbow on the break, lands a left hook. Another hook and straight right. Lobov comes back with left hands. Nice counter left by Lobov, Swanson answers to the body. Two minutes two go.

Lobov with an uppercut and hook. He’s slugging, looks for a takedown, nothing. Both land big and a right hand rattles Lobov. One minute to go. Hard leg kick by the Russian, denied on a shot. Right hands from Swanson. Knee from Lobov inside and he avoids a wheel kick. 10-9 Swanson.

Round 5: Both men swinging hard early. Right hand knocks Swanson off-balance; he pops back up and clinches. One minute in. Solid knee from Swanson and he fights off a takedown. Left hook by Swanson. Lefts from Lobov, right from Swanson. They tie up two minutes in. separation, both land their power hands. Swanson defends a knee tap, but Lobov gets double underhooks and puts him on the fence. Two minutes to go.

Ref calls for action and Lobov separates with a knee. Big combination from Swanson. Left hand from Lobov and Cub cracks him with another head kick. One minute to go. Right hand from Swanson and they clinch. Knee from Swanson and an awesome harai goshi. He takes the back and drops punches. Lobov scrambles up and they trade until the end. 10-9 Swanson.

Final result: Swanson def. Lobov by unanimous decision


155 lbs.: Diego Sanchez vs. Al Iaquinta

Round 1: Sanchez opens with a dick kick, Iaquinta shakes it off. Low kick from Iaquinta, hard right hook from Sanchez. One minute in. Sanchez lands a body kick. HUGE right hook flattens Sanchz! He tries to shoot, works his way to the feet, and gets melted again. Monstrous knockout by Iaquinta.

Final result: Iaquinta def. Sanchez by KO (punch)


205 lbs.: Marcos Rogerio de Lima vs. Ovince Saint Preux

Round 1: de Lima launching kicks early. Low kick lands. Hard body kick. OSP very mobile in the early going. Another hard body kick lands. One minute in. Both try to kick at the same time. Two minutes in. Hard left hook rattles OSP. de Lima tries a head kick. Two minutes to go.

Cross counter lands for the Brazilian. OSP with a good body kick. One minute to go. Both land good left hands. OSP shoots, stuffed and de Lima cracks him with a leg kick. 10-9 de Lima.

Round 2: OSP fires a jab, eats a leg kick in return. OSP catches a body kick and takes him down into guard. St. Preux landing ground-and-pound. One minute in. de Lima trying to get to his knees, grabs a hopeless guillotine. He keeps holding onto it and OSP makes him pay with a Von Flue choke that draws the submission.

Final result: St. Preux def. de Lima by submission (Von Flue choke)


135 lbs.: John Dodson vs. Eddie Wineland

Round 1: Lots of feinting in the early going. Body kick lands for Dodson thirty seconds in. Low kick nearly countered. Both miss with their power hands. One minute in. Good left hand to the chest from Dodson. Straight left to the body. Two minutes in. Inside low kick from Dodson. Low-high lefts. Wineland’s yet to land a significant punch. Two minutes to go.

Dodson changes levels, denied. Now a counter right lands for Wineland. Nice counter briefly slackens Dodson’s leg, but he comes back to the body. Overhand left connects for Dodson. 10-9 Dodson.

Round 2: Good 3-2 from Dodson as Wineland feints. Body kick lands. One minute in. Front kick to the body. Counter right from Wineland as Dodson tries to land a body kick. Dodson doubles up the left hand two minutes in. Crowd’s not happy with the lack of action. Dodson plus him with a straight left. He catches Wineland leaning with a head kick, but Wineland catches it. Two minutes to go.

Body kick connects for Dodson, Wineland an’t catch him with counters. Nice flurry from Dodson. One minute to go. Lots of movement, not much action. Right hand by Wineland. 10-9 Dodson.

Round 3: Wineland just can’t reach him with his right hand. Dodson’s too damn fast, proves it as they exchange. One minute in. Wineland’s right cheek and left brow are bleeding. Flurry from Dodson. Straight left lands clean. Two minutes in. Low kick. Head kick attempt. Glancing left hand at the end of a flurry. Two minutes to go.

Combination lands for Dodson on the inside. One minute to go. Left hook by Wineland, body kick from Dodson. Another body kick. 10-9 Dodson.

Final result: Dodson def. Wineland by unanimous decision


155 lbs.: Joe Lauzon vs. Stevie Ray

Round 1: Lauzon catches a low kick for a brief takedown, lands a hard knee as he stands. Ray struggling to separate, gets taken down again. Lauzon looks for the back and Ray attacks a leg. One minute in. Nice elbow from Lauzon. One hook in for Lauzon and he looks for the choke. He works in the second hook, then transitions to mount. Elbows by Lauzon. Two minutes in. Ray regains half guard, eats more nasty elbows. Big right hand as Ray tries to work his leg. Two minutes to go.

Ray gets to his knees, eats left hands. Lauzon dumps him back down. One minute to go, Ray regains guard. More nice punches and Lauzon threatens a d’arce choke, forcing Ray to fall back down. Lauzon smashes him until the bell. 10-8 Lauzon.

Round 2: Lauzon a little flat-footed, eats knees in the clinch. One minute in. Ray lands a good body shot. Hard elbow upstairs. Jab by Lauzon. Ray slinging left hands. Lauzon shoots, can’t get it. Two minutes in. Right hand by Lauzon. Ray teeing off to the head and body. Lauzon catches a kick and takes him down into guard. Two minutes to go.

Lauzon staying heavy, not doing too much from top position. Half guard now with a minute to go. Nice right hand by Lauzon. Ray looks for a leg and they sit in 50/50 until the bell. 10-9 Ray.

Round 3: Right hook from Ray, hard left to the body and a knee upstairs. Counter elbow by Lauzon backs Ray off. Short elbows from Ray through and around the guard. One minute in. Ray to the body and he avoids a low single. Sharp left from Braveheart. Straight right by Lauzon, then a really nice left hook inside that he chains into a shot. Browne elbows from Ray. Two minutes in. Lauzon completes the takedown and sets up in guard. Two minutes to go.

Ray works his way to his feet thirty seconds later. Good knee from Ray. One minute to go. Body kick from Ray and an elbow. Ray sitting down on his punches, looking to get Lauzon out of there. Ray just unloading. Good body shot. Ray can’t get rid of him before the round ends. 10-9 Ray.

Final result: Ray def. Lauzon by majority decision


170 lbs.: Jake Ellenberger vs. Mike Perry

Round 1: Perry lands a leg kick and Ellenberger immediately takes him down. Ellenberger on top in half guard. Perry scrambles up after about twenty seconds. Perry advancing slowly. One minute in. Low kicks from Perry. Counter right lands for Ellenberger. Two minutes in. Ellenberger changes levels, no dice. More leg kicks from Perry. Check hook by Ellenberger. Two minutes to go.

Stiff jab by Perry. He stuffs a takedown and lands a knee. Ellenberger comes back with a lead right. More leg kicks by Perry, then a body kick. Liver kick from Ellenberger in return. One minute to go. Check hook. Sneaky takedown from Ellenberger. Good knee and left hand by Ellenberger on the break. 10-9 Ellenberger.

Round 2: Straight left and uppercut land for Ellenberger. Perry slips, eats a knee to the body. Suddenly, Perry drops Ellenbwerger with a left, stuffing a takedown attempt. HUGE elbow and Ellenberger is out! Incredible knockout by Perry.

Final result: Perry def. Ellenberger by KO (elbow)


185 lbs.: Thales Leites vs. Sam Alvey

Round 1: Leites opens with head kicks, then goes to the legs. Solid leg kicks. One minute in. Low kicks, head kicks. Hard right hand backs Alvey off, then a body kick lands clean. Two minutes in. Another hard inside leg kick. Again. Two minutes to go.

Alvey doing very little to stop these leg kicks. Good exchange. Straight left by Alvey. Alvey briefly catches a low kick. One minute to go. Another head kick slams into Alvey’s forearms. Leites shoots, eats a knee. 10-9 Leites.

Round 2: The first leg kick apparently damaged Alvey’s ankle. Not good.

Brazilian kick from Leites, then back to the low kick. Alvey is visibly stumbling when he tries to rush in. One minute in. Another leg kick. Check hook from Leites. Two minutes in. Overhand left connects for Alvey. Another leg kick by Leites, slipping out of range of Alvey’s flurry. Leites times him coming in for a takedown, can’t keep him on the ground. Two minutes to go.

They separate. Straight left from Alvey appears to stumble Leites, causing the Brazilian to tie up and put him on the fence. One minute to go. Leites drags him down, grabs the rear waistlock as he stands. 10-9 Leites.

Round 3: Leg kicks from Leites once again. Alvey advancing. One minute in and Alvey takes a nasty one to the nuts. Leites keeps the kicks up when they resume. 3-2 from Alvey and Leites shoots, stuffed. Two minutes in. Alvey leans into a head kick, catches it, can’t use it. Eye poke by Leites pauses the action once again. Two minutes to go.

Leites tries a head kick. Right hooks land for Alvey. Straight left connects. One minute to go. Leites staying busy with the kicks. He ducks down for a single-leg, ties up on the fence. Closer round. 10-9 Alvey.

Final result: Leites def. Alvey by unanimous decision


125 lbs.: Brandon Moreno vs. Dustin Ortiz

Round 1: Ortiz ties up right away, putting Moreno on the fence. Solid right hand. He moves to the rear waistlock and Moreno fights to break his grip. Moreno transitions to a kimura grip. One minute in. Ortiz wrenches him to the ground, takes him right back down when he pops up. Moreno struggling to use the cage to stand. Ortiz looking for the back. Two minutes in. Moreno works his way to his feet, Ortiz still attached. Ortiz still muscling him around. Moreno manages to slip out halfway through the round. They trade kicks and punches. Well-timed takedown by Ortiz with two minutes to go.

Moreno works his way back up and Ortiz digs knees to the butt. Moreno again looks for a kimura, uses it to sweep into mount. Ortiz rolls him right back over and wrangles him when he stands. 10-9 Ortiz.

Round 2: Moreno throwing heat. He denies an attempt to tie up. Right hand by Ortiz, they trade leg kicks. One minute in. Nice leg kick by Moreno. Both land near the fence. Leg kick exchange. Hard right hand by Ortiz, heavier left hand by Moreno in return. Ortiz hits a blast double and downs him on the fence. Two minutes in. Ortiz gets him to his knees and looks to put in his hooks. One hook in. Moreno slips out and lands a left hook, then flattens Ortiz with a head kick. He takes the back and instantly locks up the body triangle. two minutes to go.

Ortiz so far defending well. One minute to go. Moreno finally works it under the chin and gets the submission victory.

Final result: Moreno def. Ortiz by submission (rear naked choke)


155 lbs.: Scott Holtzman vs. Michael McBride

Round 1: Holtzman light on his feet, McBride flat-footed in the early going. Holtzman cracks him with a left hook. Overhand right connects. Holtzman denies a takedown and puts him on the fence. McBride briefly reverses, avoids a knee. Elbow form Holtzman. One minute in. McBride looks for a kimura and they scramble. Holtzman works his way into top position and gets his arm free. He lets McBride up. Two minutes in. McBride with a right to the body, eats leg kicks. Left hook and right hand drop McBride; Holtzman lets him up and, as McBride tries a spinning back kick, Holtzman accidentally boots him in the nuts. Holtzman comes out slipping and ripping when they resume. Counter right for McBride with two minutes to go.

Low kicks from McBride. Heavy left hook lands for Holtzman. Low kicks from Holtzman. Another left hook. Right to the body, then upstairs. One minute to go. McBride comes back with right hands that cut Holtzman. One minute to go. McBride shoots and takes the back, then loses a guillotine. Holtzman on top. McBride fights for a kimura, rides it into guard. 10-9 Holtzman.

Round 2: Low kick from Holtzman. Another low-high combo. Good head movement to get off the fence. Hard overhand right by Holtzman after McBride pauses to retrieve his mouthpiece. Hard knee and elbow by Holtzman. McBride tries an ultra-low single a minute in. Holtzman scrambles free and lets him up. Leg kick from Holtzman, then another. Holtzman catches a kick and follows McBride down. Hard punches from Holtzman two minutes in. McBride looks for a leg. He grabs the rear waistlock as Holtzman pulls his leg free, can’t keep it and surrenders guard. Two minutes to go.

Solid blows from Holtzman, posturing out of McBride’s high guard. He lets McBride up with a minute to go. Arm punches land for McBride, big shots come back. McBride tries another low single, so Hotzman kicks at his legs and tries to drop bombs. 10-9 Holtzman.

Round 3: McBride still game, throwing back as Holtzman slams home punches. Left hook jacks McBride’s jaw. McBride tries a takedown and pulls guard. One minute in. There’s just nothing behind McBride’s strikes. Left hook from Holtzman, looking for a head kick. More combinations. Hard leg kicks. Uppercut by McBride. More leg kicks by Holtzman. Heavy left hook rattles McBride, who tries a horrendous shot. Two minutes to go. McBride is out of steam and out of options, eating strike after strike from Holtzman. Uppercut by McBride. Holtzman shoots and McBride grabs a kimura. Two minutes to go.

Holtzman works his arm free and takes top position, dropping more punches. Nasty hammerfist. One minute to go. Holtzman patiently bashes away. Leg kicks and a few more punches. Man, even without the new rules I think that’s a 10-8 for Holtzman.

Final result: Holtzman def. McBride by unanimous decision


115 lbs.: Jessica Penne vs. Danielle Taylor

Round 1: Low kick from Taylor to start. Teep by Penne. Taylor moving, falling short with her punches thus far. Hard leg kick. One minute in. Penne tries to go high. Penne stalking after her, eats another leg kick. Hard 2-3 connects for Taylor. Two minutes in. Taylor catches a kick and lands a straight right. Left hook from Penne gets Taylor’s attention. Body kick lands. Two minutes to go.

Good knee from Penne in the clinch. Taylor digs a right to the body in combination. Slick counter right as she pivots off, then another caught kick to right hand. Neither pulls ahead in the final minute. 10-9 Taylor.

Round 2: Penne still on the advance. Straight right connects, then a body kick as Taylor fires a left hook. Good flurry by Taylor, Penne answers with a right cross. Body kick from Penne. One minute in. Penne with a body kick on the retreat. Good knees inside by Penne as Taylor presses forward. Two minutes in. Penne with a body kick and knees. They trade left hands after Penne lands her right. Another left hook by Penne with two minutes to go.

Taylor to the body, takes a cross on the chin. Left hook by Penne, Taylor cracks her with a leg kick. One minute to go. Low-high and they trade. Left hook exchanges. Nice counter left and Taylor opens up at the bell while Penne works with knees. 10-9 Penne.

Round 3: Leg kick from Taylor in the early going. Sneaky uppercut lands for her. Inside low kick. Knees by Penne inside, one minute in. Hard left hook from Taylor, who denies a level change. Hard overhand right connects. Taylor flurries, breaks free of the clinch. Good knee lands for Penne. Two minutes in. Leg kick by Taylor answered by a straight right. Two minutes in. Penne shoots, transitions to the rear waistlock. Taylor keeps her from getting her hooks in. She manages to work her way free and return to the center. Two minutes to go.

Left hook from Taylor as Penne steps into the clinch. Penne comes back with a clean straight right. One minute to go. Body kick from Taylor. Left hook lands for Taylor. Penne hits a takedown into half guard just before the bell. Close round. 10-9 Taylor.

Final result: Taylor def. Penne by unanimous decision


135 lbs.: Cindy Dandois vs. Alexis Davis

Round 1: Early right hand from Davis, who surrenders a takedown and immediately starts working a high guard. Dandois waits it out. One minute in. Davis looking to set up an armbar, takes some ground-and-pound. Davis has an overhook, trying to use it. Two minutes in. Dandois postures up to punch and Davis grabs an armbar, rolling “Battlecat” over and looking to crank. Dandois using her legs to clamp down on Davis’ head and prevent her from cranking. Two minutes to go.

Davis abandons the armbar and takes mount. Ground-and-pound from Davis. Dandois transitions to a leglock, loses it, and Davis falls back for a 50/50 heel hook. One minute to go. Davis takes top position. Davis falls back for the heel when Dandois turns into her and they scramble until the bell. 10-9 Davis.

Round 2: Dandois’ hair has gone full cockatoo.

They trade punches in the center. Both seem pretty tired. Dandois shoots a minute in, denied and Davis lands knees in the clinch. Dandois tries, can’t get a head-and-arm throw. Straight right from Davis, who denies another shot two minutes in. Body kick from Davis and a nice knee. They jockey in the clinch and Dandois tries another throw, landing on the bottom. Davis in half guard with two minutes to go.

Davis stands and lets her up. They exchange punches, more knees from Davis. One minute to go. Dandois hits a double-leg into guard. Dandois stands over her and drops some punches. Davis looks for an arm at the bell. 10-9 Davis.

Round 3: Back to trading punches. Dandois brings her down twenty seconds in. Back to the high guard. Davis makes her way back up ninety seconds into the round after limited damage. Left hand by Dandois, body kick and knee from Davis and Dandois takes her to the fence. Dandois lands a head-and-arm throw. Davis quickly sweeps her way back to the feet. Two minutes to go.

Body kick lands for Davis, who stuffs a level change. Dandois hits a nice takedown into guard, moving her hips to snuff out the beginnings of an armbar attempt. One minute to go. Davis looking to set up a triangle, locks it up with 25 seconds to go. Davis unwisely switches to an armbar, can’t get the finish. 10-9 Dandois.

Final result: Davis def. Dandois by unanimous decision


170 lbs.: Bryan Barberena vs. Joe Proctor

Round 1: Low kick from Barberena, high kick attempt by Proctor. One minute in. Barberena not showing much pressure at the moment, lands a hard inside low kick. Good combination draws a smile from Proctor. They exchange, Barberena gets the better of it. Two minutes in. Proctor presses forward with punches. Another hard low kick by Barberena. Proctor answers. Two minutes to go.

Heavy counter left by Barberena and a right hook as they taunt one another. As they’re posturing, Barberena drops him with a tight right hook. Barberena swarms him with punches and knees until he goes down and polishes him off there.

Final result: Barberena def. Proctor by TKO (knees and punches)


125 lbs.: Hector Sandoval vs. Matt Schnell

Round 1: Schnell considerably taller and longer. Low kick from Sandoval. Fake knee tap to overhand right, eats a leg kick in return. Sandoval tries two naked low kicks, eats a right hand and they slug it out in the clinch. Schnell seems rattled and Sandoval hits a quick takedown before going back to slugging. One minute in. They keep bashing each other until Sandoval tries a flying knee and gets taken down, scrambling out of an armbar attempt. Two minutes in. Leg kick from Schnell and a nice counter uppercut. NICE right hand by Sandoval and he takes him down into guard. Two minutes to go.

Schnell already bringing his legs up. Sandoval uses a triangle attempt to make room to stand and it’s back to clinch violence. Good shots by Sandoval before they exit. Sandoval catches a low kick and takes him down, only to land in a guillotine. He SLAMS Schnell into the mat twice, freeing his head, and then puts him to sleep with hammerfists.

Final result: Sandoval def. Schnell by KO (punches)